Original Article

COVID-19: Climacteric Symptomatology and Quality of Life


  • Paula Mara Gomes Leite
  • Camila Oliveira Serra
  • Katyucia Oliveira Crispim de Souza
  • José Rodrigo Santos Silva
  • Eduesley Santana Santos
  • Andréia Centenaro Vaez
  • Andréa Beatriz Bezerra
  • Marcela Deda Costa
  • Leila Luiza Conceição Gonçalves
  • Leonardo Yung dos Santos Maciel

Received Date: 21.04.2022 Accepted Date: 25.05.2022 Mediterr Nurs Midwifery 2022;2(2):62-68


The aim of the stusy is to identify climacteric symptoms and self-care attitudes and their relationship with the quality of life reported by women during the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic.


This is a cross-sectional study, carried out between May 2020 and September 2020. The Women's Health Questionnaire, the Menopause Rating Scale instruments, the translated and validated versions for Brazilian Portuguese, and a semi-structured interview script for sociodemographic information were used. To answer the survey, the Google Forms link was made available through digital platforms. The sample consisted of 280 women.


As for Women's Health Questionnaire, it was observed that women showed impairment, mainly in relation to the domains of somatic symptoms, sexual behavior, vasomotor symptoms, memor y/con centr ation , and psychological symptoms. The correlation between the results of the Menopause Rating Scale and the Women's Health Questionnaire identified that the overall severity of symptoms measured by the Menopause Rating Scale was associated with a reduction in the Women's Health Questionnaire in all domains, except in the attractiveness domain. The main self-care actions indicated were taking shower, using teas, relaxing, using lubricants, and using medications.


The climacteric symptoms that impacted the quality of life of women were related to the domains of somatic symptoms, sexual behavior, vasomotor, and memor y/con centr ation . There was also a decline in the quality of life with impairment of the psychological domain. Self-care actions such as taking showers, using teas, medications, and lubricants were the most used.

Keywords: Climacteric, COVID-19 pandemic, menopause, self-care